Background Information
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Burndi Flag

The three stars in the flag represent the three words in the country's moto. "“Unité, Travail, Progrès

Background Information

Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October of 1993 after just 100 days of holding office. Thus creating widespread violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. Many Burundians perished during the conflict. Many more Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees. An agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 created an integrated defense force, created a new constitution (2005), and elected a heavily Hutu government (2005). The new government, under the command of President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, signed a South African 'cease fire' in 2006 with the country's last rebel group.


The total Population of Burundi is 9,511,330. There are 4,708,457 males and 4,802,873 females. The median age for males is 16.5 years, while the median age for women is 17.2 years. 46.3% of the population is between the ages of 0-14, 51.2% is between 15-64, and 2.5% is over the age of 65. There are 41.76 live births per every 1,000 births (2010), and 10.14 deaths per every 1,000 births. (2010).
infant mortality rate: 64.86 deaths/1,000 live births
ethnic groups: Hutu and Tutsi, Twa, Europeans, and south asians
Langages: Kirundi, French, Swahili
religion: Christian, Indigenous, Muslim
education: Males expected 8 years, females, 7 years
Internet access: 65,000 people use the internet; there are 201 internet hosts
2% of Burundi's population is infected with HIV/AIDS (2007). There are 110,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in Burundi as of 2007. 11,000 people have succumb to HIV/AIDS or have had HIV/AIDS related deaths (2007).
Literacy Rate:
59.3% can read and write
67.3% of males and 52.2%of females


Location: Borderd by Rwanda, Tanzania, and the Democratic Republic of Congo
Climate: equitorial
Terrain: Hilly with Mountains and plateaus
Natural resources: Nickel, Uranium, Rare Earth Oxides, Peat, Cobalt, Copper, Platinum, Vanadium, Niobium, Tantalum, Gold, Tin, Tungsten, Kaolin, Limestone
Natural hazards : flooding, landslides, draught
Mountains: Heha
Cities: Cibitoke, Bubanza, Ngozi, Muyinga, Gitega, Burui, *Bujumbura*
Population Growth Rate: 3.688%
Area: 17292.760 mi
Land: 25,680
Water: 2,150


Government Type: Republic
Capitol: Bujumbura
Constitution: ratified by popular referendum February 2005
Structure: Executive, Legislative, Judicial branches.
Independence: won in July of 1962
Suffrage: 18 years old
Leader: President ( Pierre NKURUNZIZA)
illicit drugs:


Labor Force: 4.245 million
Industries: light consumer goods, assembly of imported components, public works construction, and food processing
Debt: $1.2 billion in debt
Exports: coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides
Imports: capital goods, petroleum products, foodstuffs
Unemployment: not even known by the CIA


Military Branches: National Defense Force, Army, National Gendarmerie
Man Power: 4,218,459 people

Burundi 's troops en route.


1916 Belgians occupy the area.
1959 Influx of Tutsi refugees from Rwanda.
1966 Micombero stages a second coup becomes president.
1981 New constitution makes Burundi a one-party state.
1988 Thousands of Hutus are massacred by Tutsis.
1992 New constitution provides for a multi-party system.
1993 Tutsi soldiers assassinate Ndadaye. Frodebu members massacre Tutsis.
1995 Massacre of Hutu refugees leads to renewed ethnic violence in the capital.
2001 Talks brokered by Nelson Mandela lead to installation of transitional government.
2010 Post-election tension raise of civil war.



Works Cited