Egypt
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Background

 Egypt is the most populated country in Arab and the most second populated in Africa. Small communities are spread throughout the desert regions of Egypt and are clustered around historic trade and transportation routes. The Egyptians are a fairly homogeneous people of Hamitic origin. Egypt's vast and rich literature constitutes an important cultural element in the life of the country and in the Arab world. Egyptian novelists and poets were among the first to experiment with modern styles of Arabic literature, and the forms they developed have been widely imitated. Egypt has endured as a unified state for more than 5,000 years, and archeological evidence indicates that a developed Egyptian society has existed for much longer. Archeological findings show that primitive tribes lived along the Nile long before the dynastic history of the pharaohs began. The pyramids at Giza (near Cairo), which were built in the fourth dynasty, testify to the power of the pharaonic religion and state. The Great Pyramid, the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu, is the only surviving monument of the seven wonders of the Ancient World. Ancient Egypt reached the peak of its power, wealth, and territorial extent in the period called the New Empire.

The Egyptian Flag

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This flag was officially adopted on Oct. 4th 1984. The Egyptian flag has three equal bands of red, white and black, respectively from top to bottom. The three bands are placed horizontally to each other. The 'Eagle of Saladin' is the national emblem of Egypt which is symbolized on the flag of Egypt. It is placed at the middle of the white band of the Egyptian Flag. The shield also bears the name of Egypt inscribed in Arabic. The colors of the Egyptian flag are very significant. The red color refers to the period in history when the power of the deposed King Farouk was taken over by army men. White stands for the beginning of the end of monarchy while black is symbolic of the end of cruelty faced by the people of Egypt at the hands of Egyptian monarchy and British rule The mapmap-of-egypt.gif
Geography

Location
  • Libya to the west, Officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, in north-eastern Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Israel and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan est.
Area
  • Egypt has a maximum length from north to south of about 1,085 km and a maximum width, near the southern border, of about , and a total area of 997,739 sq km.
Climate
  • Dry summers with moderate winter, also dry and hot.
Terrain
  • Vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta
Natural resources
  • petroleumegypt-giza-sphinx.gif,natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc
Land use
  • arable land: 2.85%
  • permanent crops: 0.47%
  • other: 96.68%
Natural hazards
  • periodic droughts
  • frequent earthquakes
  • flash floods
  • landslides
  • hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring
  • dust storms
  • sandstorms
Enviromental issues
Agricultural land is being lost to urbanization and windblown sands; increasing soil salination below Aswan High Dam; desertification; oil pollution threatening coral reefs, beaches, and marine habitats. Other water pollution from agricultural pesticides, raw sewage, and industrial effluents. There is very limited natural fresh water resources away from the Nile which is the only perennial water source. Rapid growth in population is overstraining the Nile and natural resources.

GoernmentGovernment type
  • Republic
Suffrage
  • 18 years of age, universal and compulsory
Independence
  • 28 February 1922 (from UK)
Capital
  • The capital of egypt is Cairo Egypt_1024x768.jpg

EconomyGDP per capita
  • $6,000 (2009 est.)
  • $5,800 (2008 est.)
  • $5,500 (2007 est.)
Agriculture products
  • cotton, rice, corn, beans, fruits, vegetables
Exports and Imports
  • Egypt’s export trade grossed over US $29 billion
  • Oil export is central to the Egyptian economy
  • EU and the US are the biggest exporting markets for Egyptian products
  • Egypt import volumes reached US $56.2 billion in 2009
  • Heavy machinery, chemicals, food stuffs and wood products are the major items of import
Unemployment
  • 10.3%
Industries
  • textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals. hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals
Labor force by occupation
  • agriculture 2%, industry 17%, services 51%
Economic overiew
  • Lack of substantial progress on economic reform since the mid 1990s has limited foreign direct investment in Egypt and kept annual GDP growth in the range of 2-3 percent in 2001-03. Egyptian officials in late 2003 and early 2004 proposed new privatization and customs reform measures.
The peoplePopulation
  • The population of Egypt is 64,824,466. Almost 99 percent of the population lives within the Nile Valley and delta, which constitutes less than 4 percent of Egypt´s total area.
  • growth rate
  • 1.83%
Infant mortality rate
  • total: 33.9 deaths/1,000 live births
  • female: 33.12 deaths/1,000 live births
  • male: 34.64 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy
  • total population: 70.71 years
  • male: 68.22 years
  • female: 73.31 years
Language
  • The official language is Arabic, but English is widely spoken in commerce and government
Literacy
  • definition: age 15 and over can read and write
  • total population: 57.7%
  • male: 68.3%
  • female: 46.9%
Religion
  • Islam is the official religion, and about 90 percent of all Egyptians are Muslims. egypt9h.jpg
Ethnic groups
  • Eastern Hamitic stock (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) 99%, Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other
  • European (primarily Italian and French) 1%
Infant mortality rate
  • total: 33.9 deaths/1,000 live births
  • female: 33.12 deaths/1,000 live births
  • male: 34.64 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy
  • total population: 70.71 years
  • male: 68.22 years
  • female: 73.31 years
Population
  • The population of Egypt is 64,824,466. Almost 99 percent of the population lives within the Nile Valley and delta, which constitutes less than 4 percent of Egypt´s total area.
  • growth rate
-1.83%
Currency
  • The unit of currency is the Egyptian pound.
  • It is divided into 100 piastres
Leader
  • Mohamed Hosni Mubarak
  • Since 1981
Education
  • Most mosques and churches operated basic schools where boys could learn to read and write Arabic, simple arithmetic, and memorize passages from the Quran or Bible. Muhammad Ali established the system of modern secular education in the early nineteenth century to provide technically trained cadres for his civil administration and military. Ismail, Muahammad Ali's grandosn, his wife set up the first school for girls in 1873. As of 1990, problems lasted in Egypt's education system. The government did not enforce laws requiring primary school age children to attend school. In some areas, as many as 50 percent of the formally enrolled children did not regularly attend classes. The shortage of teachers was a problem, especially in rural primary schools. During the 1980s, the government granted 30,000 exit visas a year to teachers who had contracts to teach in Arab countries. Since the late 1970s, government policies have attempted to adjust postsecondary education. The state expanded technical training programs in agriculture, commerce, and a variety of other fields.
Net migration rate
  • -0.21 migrants per 1,000 population
Independence
  • 28 February 1922 (from UK)
Illicit drugs
  • cannabis is the most abused drug in Egypt, and is estimated at 5%. It is followed by sedative abuse (2%), amphetamines (1%), opiates (0.5%)
Internet access
  • -Internet hosts:
  • -3,061
  • -Internet users:
  • -1.9 miilion
Tourist InfoThere are many beautiful sites to visit in Egypt. The pyramids are the most beautiful sight to see. They were built way back in the earliest ages of people. They are wonderful and i would recommend going to egypt to see many amazing thinks and different artifacts.Timeline5000 BC- Earliest evidence of people that settled in the Nile delta 3800 BC- The begginings of Nile culture3100 BC- The legendary king, Menes, unites the two kingdoms of Egypt 2550- 2490 BC- Building of the pyramid tombs for Khufu and Khephren, the largest of the Egyptian pyramids 1700 BC- Earliest evidence of diagnostic medicine in Egypt1500 BC- Earliest examples of the book of dead1380 BC- Building of the Temple of Luxor by Amenhotep III egypt-sunset-behind-the-sphinx-and-chephren-pyramid-steve-outram.jpg1347- 1339 BC- Reign of Tutankhamon51-30 BC- Reign of Cleopatra VII, last of the Ptolemaic monarchs of Egypt 395- 641 AD- Egyptian hieroglyphic writing falls out of use and soon becomes unintelligible

Work Cited

http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Egypt-MIGRATION.html
http://www.mapsofworld.com/egypt/natural-resources/
http://www.economywatch.com/world_economy/egypt/export-import.html
http://www.arab.de/arabinfo/egypt.htm
http://www.mapsofworld.com/flags/egypt-flag.html
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5309.htm