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Table of Contents:
Map of Eritrea
- British forces occupy Eritrea.
- UN decides to make Eritrea a federal component of Ethiopia.
- Eritrean Liberation Front formed.
- Ethiopia annexes Eritrea, turning it into a province; war of independence begins.
- Leftist faction of the Eritrean Liberation Front splits to form the Eritrean People's Liberation Front.
- Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie overthrown in a military coup.
- Soviet advisers and Cuban troops help Ethiopian forces reverse significant advances made by Eritrean guerrillas.
- Eritrean People's Liberation Front captures the Eritrean port of Massawa.
- Eritrean People's Liberation Front captures the Eritrean capital, Asmara and forms a provisional government; the United Nations sets a date for a referendum on Eritrean independence with Ethiopian backing.
- Eritreans almost unanimously vote for independence; Eritrea becomes independent and joins the United Nations.
Eritrea was awarded to Ethiopia by the United Nations in 1952 as part of a federation. 10 years after Eritrea's annexation as a province a 30 year struggle for independence began. Eritrean rebels defated governmental officials in 1991.
Eritrea's Flag has many different meanings. The green triangle represents Eritrea's agricultural and livestock economy. The blue triangle stands for the marine wealth, and the red triangle represents the blood shed while Eritrea was fighting for freedom. The yellow on the olive wreath represents the mineral wealth of Eritrea, while the olive branch itself originates from the first national flag of Eritrea, which was used from 1952 to 1959. The olive branch also adopted from the United Nations flag which symbolizes peace.
Eritrea received independence on May 24, 1993 and adopted their flag on December 5, 1995. It is one of the worlds newest flags.
Map of Eritrea
Eritrea has an area of 117,600 square km, and the coordinates are 15 00 North, 39 00 East. Eritrea is slightly larger than Pennsylvania in size. Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Sudan border Eritrea.
5,647,168 (July 2010 Estimate)
0-14 years 42.8%
15-64 years old 53.7%
65+ years old 3.6%
Median age (male) 18.2 years old
Median age (female) 18.9 years old
Median age (total) 18.5 years old
Birth Rate: 34.2 births / 1,000 population
Death Rate: 8.43 deaths / 1,000 population
Infant Mortality Rate (total) : 43.33 / 1,000
Infant Mortality Rate (male) : 48.97 / 1,000
Infant Mortality Rate (female) : 37.51 / 1,000
Life Expectancy (total) : 61.78 years
Life Expectancy (male) : 59.78 years
Life Expectancy (female) : 63.9 years
Fertility Rate: 4.6 children / woman
Nationality : Eritrean
Ethnic Groups : Triginya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho 3%, Other 3%
Religions : Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages : Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, and other Cushitic languages
Major Diseases : Bacterial Diahrrhea, hepatitis A, Typhoid fever, Malaria
Government Type : Transitional
Capital : Asmara
Suffrage : 18 years old to vote
Chief of State : President ISAIAS Afworki (since June 8 1993)
Head of Government : President ISAIAS Afworki
President : President ISAIAS Afworki
Elected By : National Assembly for 5 year term (2 term maximum)
GDP (Gross Domestic Product) : $3.961 billion (Purchasing Power Parity)
GDP : $1.873 billion (Official Exchange Rate)
GDP : 3.6% (Real Growth Rate)
Population Below Poverty Rate : 50%
Budget : $373.2 million revenue
Budget : $738.8 million expenditures
Inflation Rate : 20%
Money Stock : $896.2 million
Agricultural Products : Sorghum, Lentils, Vegetables, Corn, Cotton, Tobacco, Sisal, livestock, goats, fish
Exports : $17 million
Debt : $311 million
Telephones : 40,400
Cellular Phones : 108,600
Telephone System : Inadequate
Internet Country Code : .er
Internet Hosts : 1,241
Internet Users : 200,000
Airports : 13
Heliports : 1
Roadways : 4,010 km
Ports and Terminals : Assab, Massawa
Military Branches : Navy, Air Force, Ground Forces
Service Age : 18 - 40 years old
Manpower (Available) : 1,307,012 males
Manpower (Available) : 1,319,682 females
Manpower (Fit) : 864,608 males
Manpower (Fit) : 920,104 females
Military Expenditures : 6.3% of GDP
Internally Displaced Humans : 32,000
Human Trafficking : Eritrea is a source country for humans trafficked for forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation
Eritrea was once regarded as a good place for traveling, but the fight with Ethiopia has ruined this.
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