GUINEA-BISSAU


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Guines Bissau Map

History

The land now known as Guinea-Bissau was once the kingdom of Gabú, which was part of the larger Mali Empire. After 1546 Gabú became more autonomous, and at least portions of the kingdom existed until 1867. The first European to encounter Guinea-Bissau was the Portuguese explorer Nuño Tristão in 1446; colonists in the Cape Verde islands obtained trading rights in the territory, and it became a center of the Portuguese slave trade. In 1879, the connection with the islands was broken.
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two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green with a vertical red band on the hoist side; there is a black five-pointed star centered in the red band; yellow symbolizes the sun; green denotes hope; red represents blood shed during the struggle for independence; the black star stands for African unity

People
-Nationality (noun & adjective) Bissau-Guinean(s)
-Population 1,533,964
- Population growth 2.019%
-Official Language- Portuguese
-Religions: Indigenous beliefs 50%, Muslim 40%, Christian 10%

Government
-Type: Republic
-Legal system: based on French civil law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
-Executive branch:chief of state: President Malam Bacai SANHA, head of government: Prime Minister Carlos GOMES Junior



Military

-People's Revolutionary Armed Force (FARP): Army, Navy, Air Force; paramilitary forces-Manpower: Males~16-49(361,785), Females~16-49(363,4880)

Geography

-Area~land: 28,120 sq km, Water: 8,005 sq km, Total:36,125 sq km -land boundries~total: 724 km, border countries: Guinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km-Coastline:350 km-Climate:tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds -Terrain:mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east-Evelation~lowest point:Atlantic Ocean 0m highest point:unnamed location in the northeast corner of the country 300m -Natural Resources:fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, unexploited deposits of petroleum-Natural Hazards: hot,dry,dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season;brush firesimagesCABYBJPW.jpgimagesCAJS2FJV.jpg