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Kunga WarriorsGuineaTable of Contents:
Background
Timeline
Location
People
Children
Economy
Land
Government
Culture
Flag
Tourist Information

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Guinea Map
Guinea Map 
Background
  • In the 10th century AD, Soussou and Malinké groups moved into the area
  • Upper Guinea was part of the Ghana Empire in the 10th and 11th centuries, the Mali Empire until the 14th century, and then the Songhai Empire until the 19th century.
  • People of the Fula ethnic group migrated into western Guinea in the 17th century, bringing Islam with them. They took control of the Fouta Djalon and established Islam as the state religion. Then they pushed the Soussou to coastal areas, where the Soussou established trade with Europeans.
  • Samory Touré built an empire in the 1800s
  • Touré spread Islam and established a well-ordered society.
  • Touré's empire and French troops clashed throughout the 1880s and negotiated into the 1890s.
  • The French finally captured Touré in 1898 and then completed their conquest of the area by 1904.
  • A constitution providing for a democratic government was accepted in 1991.
  • Presidential and parliamentary elections took place in 1993.



Timeline-Gained Independence from France in 1958-In 1990, a committee began to oversee Guinea's transition to a multiparty system-A constitution for providing a democratic government was accepted in 1991-Presidential and parliamentary elections took pace in 1993-Conte was declared president, though the vote may have been fixed-A 2001 referendum that proposed eliminating constitutional restrictions on the number of terms a president could hold office was boycotted-The referendum was passed-Conte ran for a 3rd term and won with 95% of the vote-In 2006, the cost of food rose-Protesters and police clashes caused more than 100 deaths-Guinea became a power sharing transitional government
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Map of GuineaLocation
  • Location- Western Africa
  • Borders- extends alont the Atlantic Ocean between Gambia on the North, and Gabon in the South
  • Area- 94,926 square miles
  • Climate- Tropical




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Mioko Village

People of Guinea
  • Population- 10, 324,025
  • Population Growth Rate- 2.65%
  • Net Migration Rate- -0.8 migrants/1,000 population
  • Literacy- 43% (male), 18% (female)
  • School Life Expectancy- 8 years
  • Education Expenditure- 1.6 of GDP
  • Ethnic Groups- Peuhl 40%, Nalinke 30%, Soussou 30%, other 10%







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Komoro ChildrenChildren
  • Life Expectancy- 55 years (male), 59 years (female)
  • Infant Mortality Rate- 65 per 1000 deaths
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Sago ExtractionEconomy
  • Economic Overview- one of the poorest countries in the world
  • Currency- Guinean Francs
  • Unemployment Rate- NA%
  • GDP Per Capita- $1000
  • Import Commodities- petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain, and other food products
  • Imports-$1.104 billion
  • Import Partners- China 8.67%, Netherlands 6.67%, France 4.33%, UK 4.22%
  • Export Commodities- bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products
  • Exports- $981 million
  • Export Partners- India 19.68%, Spain 13.18%, Russia 7.24%, Germany 6.86%, Ireland 5.87%, US 5.71%, Ukraine 5.6% (2009) bau
  • Industries- bauxite, gold, diamonds, iron, alumina refining, light manufacturing, and agricultural processing
  • Exchange Rate- 5,200 Guinean Francs per US dollar
  • Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 76%, industry and services 24%



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Lome LagoonThe Land
  • Natural Resources- bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt
  • Agricultural Products- bananas, cassava, coffe, corn, palm products, peanuts, plantains, rice, sweet potatoes
  • Terrain- Lower Guinea is a swampy coastal strip; Middle Guinea is a central plateau of hard crusty soil; Upper Guinea is a grassland with scattered trees; Foorest Region is an area of forests and hills in the southeast
  • Land Use- arable land 4.47%, permanent crops, 2.64 %, other 92.89%
  • Natural Hazards- Haze during dry season may reduce visibility
  • Environmental Issues- deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region; poor mining practices have led to environmental damage



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Preparing to Vote

Government
  • Capital- Conakry
  • Government Type- Republic
  • Leader- Prime Minister Jean-Marie Dore
  • Suffrage- 18 years of age
  • Independence- October 2, 1958 (from France)
  • Constitution- December 23, 1990

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Goruko Cultural Show

Culture
  • Internet Access- 90,000
  • Telephones- 3.84 million
  • Religion- 85% Musilm, 8% Christian, 7% Animisn
  • Languages- French (official), Soussou is mst common on the coast and in the capital, Pular is most common in the Fouta Djalon, Malinke is most common in Upper Guinea, and languaes vary in the forest
  • Traditional music remains popuar
  • Popular Sports- Soccer, basketball, and volleyball
  • Holidays- New Year's Day, Easter, Tabaski, Eid al Fitr, Labor Day, Women's Day,Independence Day, and Christmas
  • Family- extended families are considered extremely important
  • Marriage- women marry before 20, men marry at 25
  • Marriage Customs- The groom offers 10 kola nuts to the woman's family to propose & the head of the woman's family cracks the nuts to show approval. The groom brings more offerings to the bride and her family
  • Transportation- motorcycle or bicycle, taxis and trucks, intercity buses, by foot



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Flag of Guinea

  • Adopted on November 10, 1958
  • It has 3 vertical bands of red, yellow and green
  • The red represents the blood of Guinea's matyrs, the yellow represents gold and the sun and green represents the land and prosperity


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Tavurvur Volcano

Tourist Information
  • Hotels (Conakry)- Riveria Royal Hotel, Hotel Del Niger, Le Meridien Mariador Place, Hotel Camayene, Novotel Ghi Conakry
  • Destinations (Conakry)- Iles de Los, National Museum
  • Restaurants (Conakry)- Patisserie le Damier, Le Cedre, Le Waffou





Works Cited:
Images:
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gv.html
http://online.culturegrams.com/gallery/search.php?searchstring=Guinea&useraid=1
Information:
http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country.php?contid=1&wmn=Africa&cid=66&cn=Guinea
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gv.html
World Book G8. Chicago: World Book, Inc. 2007