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Kenya

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Background



    • Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's NARC coalition splintered in 2005 over the constitutional review process. Government defectors joined with KANU to form a new opposition coalition, the Orange Democratic Movement, which defeated the government's draft constitution in a popular referendum in November 2005. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from ODM candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. UN-sponsored talks in late February produced a powersharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister.

    • People
    • Culture
    • Landmarks
    • Military




People
Elephant in Masai Mara National Reserve.
Elephant in Masai Mara National Reserve.

  • Population: 39,002,772
  • Age ratios: 0-14 years: 42.3% 15-64 years: 55.1% 65 years and over: 2.6%
  • Literacy Rate: 85.1%
  • HIV/AIDs deaths: 150,000 (2003 est.)
  • Major disseases: degree of risk: highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fevervectorborne disease: malaria and Rift Valley feverwater contact disease: schistosomiasisanimal contact disease: rabies (2009)

Culture

  • Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
  • Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 10%, indigenous beliefs 10%, other 2%

Tourism

  • Kenya is active in several sports, among them critcket, football (soccer), rugby union and boxing. But the country is known chiefly for its dominance in Middle-distance and long-distance athletics. Kenya has consistently produced Olympic and Commonweath Game champions in various distance events, especially in 800 m, 1,500 m, 3,000 m steeplechase, 5,000 m, 10,000 m and the marathons. Kenyan athletes continue to dominate the world of distance running, although competition from Morocco and Ethiopia has reduced this supremacy.


Military

  • Kenya Armed Forces: Kenya Army, Kenya Navy, Kenya Air Force (2010)
  • 18 years of age (est.) for voluntary service, with a 9-year obligation (2007)
  • Man Power: males age 16-49: 9,525,556females age 16-49: 9,242,381 (2010 est

Landmarks

  • Mount Kenya


History timeline:

1923: The first tea plantation is founded in Kenya. A law ensured that only the European settlers could profit from growing tea and coffee for export.
1924 : Daniel Arap Moi is born in Baringo.
1933: American writer Ernest Hemingway visits Kenya and writes some of his most famous stories.
1939: Labour unions are becoming stronger in the colony. Strikes hits hard on Mombasa.
1944: A organisation for African independence is formed: Kenyan African Union (KAU).
1947: Jomo Kenyatta becomes leader of KAU.
1959: Kenyatta is transferred from jail to house arrest. Formation of political parties are now allowed and African politicians are invited for negotiations in London.
Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
1960:
Britain gives in to the pressure and starts preparing Kenya for independence. Estimated 60,000 Europeans now live in Kenya.
1960: A team of archaeologists led by Mary and Louis Leakey finds a skull of Homo Habilis near Lake Turkana in Northern Kenya. The skull is estimated to be 1.8 million years old.
1961: House arrest ends for Kenyatta and he becomes leader of the political party KANU.
external image KE_008.jpg


Works cited:
CIA-world fact book: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ke.html
Countries of the world KENYA by Gareth Stevens Publishing and Derr<<<<<<<MR. SHORTT THIS IS MY BOOK
This solitary elephant slowly makes its way across the game reserve as the sun sets on Amboseli National Park.  Early morning and evening game drives introduce safari goers to the incredible beauty of this African treasure.
This solitary elephant slowly makes its way across the game reserve as the sun sets on Amboseli National Park. Early morning and evening game drives introduce safari goers to the incredible beauty of this African treasure.