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  • Area; 1,759,540 million sq. km.
  • Capital; Tripoli, Benghazi.
  • Location; North Africa, bordering the Mediterraneon Sea,between Egypt,Tunishia,and Algeria,southern border with Chad ,Niger,and Sudan.
  • Climate; Mediterranean along coast;dry,extreme desert interior.
  • Languages; Arabic,socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, al-Jamahiriyah al-Arabiya al-Libya al-Shabiya al-Ishtirakiya. 5,918,000. 500,000 resident foreign workers 1986 USA Today. National or official language: Standard Arabic. Literacy rate: 22%–60%. Immigrant languages: Bulgarian, Eastern Panjabi, Egyptian Spoken Arabic, English, French, Greek , Hassaniyya Arabic, Italian, Korean, Maltese, Mandarin Chinese, Moroccan Spoken Arabic, Serbian, Sinhala, South Levantine Spoken Arabic, Sudanese Spoken Arabic, Swahili, Tagalog, Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic, Tedaga, Tunisian Spoken Arabic, Western Cham, Zaghawa. Also includes languages of laborers from Sudan, North Africa, Chad, Korea, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Europe. Information mainly from J. Applegate 1970; D. Cohen 1985. Deaf institutions: 2. The number of individual languages listed for Libya is 9. Of those, all are living languages.
  • Leader;

external image gadhafi-420x0.jpg...........
Libya Flag
Libya Flag


  • ---Flag- Libya is the only one color flag in the world created in November 11th ,1977---

  • Population; Libya had a population of 3,637,488. In 1997 estimated population was 5,484,202, giving the country a population density of 3 persons per sq km. The population, is unevenly distributed; more than two-thirds live in the more densely settled coastal areas. The indigenous population of Libya is mostly Berber and Arab in origin, about 17% of the population consists of foreign workers and, their families. Some 86% of the people lived in urban areas, although some Libyans still live in nomadic or seminomadic groups.
  • History; The country enjoyed Internal political stability and generally had good relations with both the Arab world and the West. In 1970, following agreements with the new regime, British and US military personnel were withdrawn from Libyan bases. In June 1971 the Arab Socialist Union also known as the (ASU) it was established as the Libya´s sole political party. In March 1977 the General People Congress (GPC) endorsed constitutional changes recommended by Qaddafi under which the official name of the country was changed to the Socialist People´s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Libya also strongly condemned the proposals for Middle East peace that were agreed by other Arab states in Fez, Morocco, in September 1982. None the less, in the 1990s Egypt and Libya sustained a close relationship, with Egypt acting an intermediary between Libya and Western nations, and Libya providing economic opportunity for Egyptians. Libya responded by bombing towns in northern Chad, and recaptured Aozou. In September Chadian forces destroyed an airbase 100 km inside Libya (claimed to be a base for Libyan raids on Chad). In August 1989, with Algerian mediation, Chad and Libya concluded an agreement to attempt to resolve the dispute over sovereignty of the "Aozou strip" through a political settlement. In early June Libya and Chad concluded a treaty of friendship, neighbourly terms and co-operation.In August 1989, with Algerian mediation, Chad and Libya concluded an agreement to attempt to resolve the dispute over sovereignty of the "Aozou strip" through a political settlement. In early June Libya and Chad concluded a treaty of friendship, neighbourly terms and co-operation. In September Libya re-established "fraternal" links with Iraq, modifying its support for Iran in the Iran-Iraq War and urging the observance of a cease-fire. In the same month Jordan restored its diplomatic relation's with Libya.
  • Government; A summit meeting of North African Heads of State, held in Morocco in February 1989, concluded a treaty proclaiming the Union du Maghreb arabe, comprising Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia.
    In 1994 Libya threatened to leave the UMA unless member states ceased to comply with
    UN sanctions imposed on Libya, and in 1995 it refused to assume the chairmanship of the organization, owing to their continuing compliance.In June 1995 Libya adoped legislation forbidding foreign workers without contracts to remain in Libya.
    The ensuing mass expulsions principally affected Sudanese workers, but in an attempt to expose the inadequacies of the Declaration of Principles on Palestinian Self-Rule and agreements concluded within its framework by Israel and the PLO, Qaddafi announced in September that, since their land had been liberated, 30,000 Palestinians were to be expelled from Libya.
  • Geography; Libya stretches along the northeast coast of Africa between Tunisia and Algeria on the west and Egypt on the east;to the south are the Sudan,Chad ,and Niger. It is one-sixth larger than Alaska. Much of the country lies within the Sahara.Along the Medditerranian coast and farther inland is arable plateau land.
  • Religion; Islam is the state religion ,and about 97 percent of all libyans are Sunni Muslim.A small number of Roman Catholic.
  • Languages;Arabic , English ,and Others
  • Weather;The temperatures in libya are hot,especially in the desert regions during the extended smmer months.Sandstorms and windy conditions are very common, even along the Mediterranian. Coastal areas are cooler and humid in the fall and,winter,but rain is infrequent through out the country.

The sand dunes of the Sahara Desert are stunning, but are not the most common landform. Rock and gravel landscapes are much more common, though less photogenic.
The sand dunes of the Sahara Desert are stunning, but are not the most common landform. Rock and gravel landscapes are much more common, though less photogenic.
---The Sahara Desert---
  • Transportation;Airports with paved runways and, unpaved runways,Helicoptors and, Pipelines,Roadways and, Merchant Marine sand, Ports ,Terminals.
  • Economy; Libya has reserves of oil,and gas;the proposed reform of state-run economy has met with political opposition.
  • Background;The Italians supplanted the ottoman Turks in the area around Trapoli in 1911 ,and did not reliquish their hold until 9143 when they was defeated in World War 2.Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup Cal.Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third universal Theory.The system is a combination of socialism and. Islam derived in part from tribal practises and ,is supposed to be implemented by the libyan people themselves in a unique form of 'direct democracy.'QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revalutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1960's and, 1970's to promote his ideology outside libya, suppporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end Marxism and Capitalism .
  • Tourism;in Libya is an industry still in its infancy but one that is gradually growing. 149,00 tourists visited Libya in 2004, and this went up to 180,000 near 2007; there were 1,000,000 day visitors in the same year. The country is best known for its ancient Greek and Roman ruins and Sahara desert landscapes. There are currently about 13,000 hotel rooms in Libya.
  • [PICTURE OF LIBYA]
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