THE REPUBLIC OF MALAWI






















external image mi_large_locator.gifexternal image Malawi_flag_lg.gifexternal image malawi_map_2007-worldfactbook.jpg
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THE FLAG OF MALAWI
The sun represents hope. Black symbolizes the people and their freedom. Red mean the sacrifice for freedom, and green means the lands abundance.



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BACKGROUND:Malawi was established in 1891, the Brittish protectorate of Nysaland became the independent nation of Malawi after 1964. After three decades of a one party leader, Malawi began having multiparty elections in 1994. This was under a provisional constitution which came into full effect the next following year.

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GEOGRAPHY:
  • Capital: Lilongwe
  • Location: Malawi is located in Southern Africa. Also they are east of Zambia.
  • Area: The total area is 118,484 sq km: land: 94,080, and water: 24,404. Malawi is slightly smaller than the state of Pennsylvania.
  • Borders: The countries that border Malawi are: Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zambia.
  • Climate: The climate of Malawi is sub-tropical. The dry season goes from May to November, and the rainy season goes from November to May.
  • Independence: Independence was on July 6th 1964 from UK.


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ECONOMIC OVERVIEW:Malawi is landlocked. It is densely populated, and underdeveloped. 80% of people living there live in rural areas. Agriculture accounts for more than 1/3 of GDP and 90% of export revenues. Tobacco is key to short-term growth, and is more than half of exports. Malawi is one of the heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC). They receive financial support through the millenium challenge corperation (MCC) iniative. HIV/AIDS are rapidly growing in Malawi. Setbacks include a general shortage of foreign exchange.



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PEOPLE:
  • Population: 15,028,757 external image graGWg66A.gif
  • Population Growth Rate: 2.746%
  • Literacy: 15 and older. Total population 62.7%, male-76.1, female-49.8%
  • Education: Getting an education is not manditory in Malawi. However, 86% of the population get an education.
  • Suffrage: 18 years old.
  • Internet Access: There are 870 internet hosts, and 316,100 internet users in Malawi.
  • Ethnic Groups: The ethnic groups are: Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, and European.
  • Languages: Chichewa (official), Chinyanja, Chiyao, Chitumbuka, Chisena, Chilomwe, Chitonga.
  • Birth rate: 41.68 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
  • Death rate: 14.23 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)
  • Infant Mortality rate: total: 86.01 deaths/1,000 live births
  • Life Expectancy at birth:
  • total population: 50.03 years
  • male: 49.39 years
  • female: 50.67 years (2010 est.)
  • Fertility rate: est. 5.51/ woman
  • Net Migration Rate: .08 per 1000 population
  • Unemployment: 0.9%
external image smiling_children_in_malawi..jpg&t=1

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LAND:
  • Terrain: There are plateaus, valleys, and highlands in Malawi. There is also Lake Malawi, previously known as Lake Nyasa, which is the size of Vermont, and the third largest lake in Africa. .
  • Natural resources: Malawi’s natural resources include: limestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranuim, coal, and bauxite.
  • Land use: Permanent crops-1.18%, arable land-20.68%, other-78.14%
  • Natural hazards: Flooding




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GOVERNMENT:
  • The government type of Malawi is multiparty democracy.
  • The president of Malawi is Bingu wa Mutharika. He has been the president since May 24, 2004. The President is the head of government, and the chief of state.


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RELIGION:(from most popular to least popular)
  • Protestant, Roman Catholic, Muslim, none.


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GDP PER CAPITA:(Gross Domestic Product) $761external image graga7Wgq.gif

















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PRODUCTS:
  • Agriculture products: Malawi’s agriculture products include: tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, tapioca, sorghum, pulses, groundnuts, and macadamia nuts.
  • Imports (commodities): Malawi imports: food, petroleun products, semimanufactures, consumergoods, and transportation equipment.
  • Exports (commodities): Exports of Malawi include: tobacco, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, and apparel.
  • Labor Force by occupation: Agriculture 90%, industry and services 10%
  • Industries: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods.
  • Illicit Drugs: tobacco

external image malawi3.jpg


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ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES:
  • deforestation
  • land degradation
  • water pollution from agricultural runoff
  • sweage
  • industrial wastes
  • siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish populations.


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CURRENCY/EXCHANGE RATE:
  • Malawian kwachas (MWK) per USD- 159.16 (2009)

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RECIPE:Bread
Nthochi
Banana Bread
Ingredients:1/2 cup margarine or shortening
1 cup sugar
2 cups flour
1 egg
1 cup milk
1 teaspoon baking powder
1 teaspoon salt
5 ripe bananas, mashed
Directions:

  1. Grease a loaf pan well. Preheat oven to 325°F.
  2. Cream margarine with sugar. Beat in egg.
  3. Add flour, salt, baking powder, milk, and bananas. Pour into loaf pan and bake for about 1 hour.
  4. Cool well and slice.


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TIMELINE:
  • · 1 million years ago: Hominid remains and stone implements were used.
  • · 50,000-60,000 years ago: Early humans inhabited Lake Malawi
  • · 8,000 BC: Human remains were found at a site from people who lived at that time. They show physical characteristics which are very similar to the way people living in The Horn of Africa live today.
  • · 1,500 BC: The features of African and Bushman remains were found of people to this date.
  • · 1500’s: Portuguese reached this area.
  • · 1859: The first significant Western contact arrived- David Livingstone. Scottish Presbyterian churches est. missions. One of their missions was to end the slave trade to the Persian Gulf.
  • · 1878: African Lakes Company was formed to supply goods and services to the missionaries.
  • · 1883: A representative of the British Government was accredited to the “Kings and Chiefs of Central Africa.”
  • · 1900-1950’s: British were in control. Malawians attempted to get independence. An elite of European and US educated Africans.
  • · 1950’s: Pressure for independence increased. Nyasaland joined with Northern and Southern Rhodesia to form the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
  • · 1958: Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda took the leadershop of the NAC, later known as the Malawi Congress Party.
  • · 1961: MCP won a victory in elections for a new Legislative Council.
  • · 1962: British Government agreed to give Nyasaland a self-governing status.
  • · 1963: Dr. Banda became Prime Minister. The new constitution took effect.
  • · July 6, 1964: Fully independent member of the Commonwealth.
  • · 1966: Adopted a new constitution to become a one-party state with Dr. Banda as the first President.
  • · 1970-1971: Dr. Banda was declared President for Life.
  • · 1990’s: Increasing domestic unrest from Malawian churches due to the one-party state.
  • · 1993: Malawians voted for a multi-party democracy.
  • · 1994: Bakili Muluzi was elected President. Formed a coalition gov. with the Alliance for Democracy.
  • · 1995: New constitution which eliminated special powers which were reserved for the MCO.
  • · 1999: Dr. Muluzi was re-elected to serve a second 5 year term as President.
  • · 2004: Bingu wa Mutharika defeated MCP candidate John Tembo and Gwanda Chakuamba, who were backed by a grouping of different parties. This was the first time it went though democratically elected presidents.
  • · 2005: Bingu wa Mutharika left the UDF. He formed the Democratic Progressive Party. People were attracted to his new party.
  • May 2009: Mutharika was reelected for a second 5 year term.


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external image DWS-Malawi-Shop-big.jpg external image malawi_map.gif
external image malawi-main.jpg external image lake-malawi.jpg

VACCINES IF TRAVELING: It is recommended that if you are going to visit Malawi you go to the doctors around two month previous to the trip in order for the vaccinations to work. These are the recommended vaccinations: your routine shots, hepatitis A and B, Typhoid, and Rabies.



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Tourism:
  • Lake Malawi
  • landscape
  • scenes
  • wildlife
  • 8 landbased National Parks


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SOURCES:
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/7231.htm
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mi.html
http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_959.html#country

**http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/malawi.aspx**
http://online.culturegrams.com/recipes/list.php?type=World&id=95
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=17863 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1759074/pdf/v012p00091.pdf https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2086.htmlhttp://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Malawi-MIGRATION.htmlhttp://www.nationmaster.com/graph/lab_une_tot_of_tot_lab_for-labor-unemployment-total-of-forcehttp://www.aardvarksafaris.com/malawi-a.htmlhttp://www.gadling.com/2006/02/18/africa-travel-malawi/http://www.lutheranworld.org/What_We_Do/DWS/Country_Programs/DWS-Malawi.htmlhttp://nthambazale.com/2009/11/are-the-jehovahs-witnesses-benefiting-from-the-fertilizer-subsidy-program-in-malawi/http://www.icfdonate.net/?cat=11http://www.trekearth.com/gallery/Africa/Malawi/Central/Salima/Mtakataka/photo47207.htmhttp://www.malawitourism.com/O'Toole, Thomas. Malawi... in Pictures. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Co, 1988.