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Mozambique Amanda Wilson
Welcome to Mozambique!!
Mozambique is located in southeastern Africa. It lies between the Mozambique Channel and South Africa. The country's coordinates are 18 15 S /35 00 E. Mozambique takes up 799,380 square kilometers of land. It is bordered by Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
1200s: Shona Empire established.
1500s/1600s: Portuguese settlers move into Mozambique and set up colonies with trading and mining leading the economic activity.
1700s/1800s: Mozambique was one of the centers of the global slave trade..
1891: Mozambique's borders were defined officially by Britain and Portugal.
1902: Lourence Marques becomes the capital.
1964: War of independence begins between the Frelimo (Portuguese Liberation Front) and the Portuguese government. Most of the north part of Mozambique is now ruled by the Frelimo.
1975: Mozambique officially becomes independent from Portugal and new government is established.
2000: Massive flooding destroys much of the country.
2009: Mozambique obtains loan to build a railway from European Union, Dutch and Danish governments.
2010: Economic struggles result in protests, Police open fire on people protesting high food prices.
Climate/ Precipitation Map
Falling in a tropical/sub-tropical climate zone, Mozambique sees a large amount of rain each year. Rainfall amounts vary by location. Some places in Mozambique, between the borders of Malawi and Zimbabwe, can recieve up to 1500 mm/60 in.each year. Other places, such as The Zambisi Valley, that get 375 mm/ 15 in each year.
Land/ Topographic Map
The land in Mozambique is mostly coastal lowlands. There are some uplands in the center of the country.
Coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum and graphite.
Only 5.43% of the land is arable. Permenant crops take up 0.29% of the land. 94.28% of the land is used for things other than farming.
Severe droughts throughout the country. In the south, Cyclones and flooding are common.
Life In Mozambique
The Flag of Mozambique shows three bands of green, Black and Yellow. A red triangle isoscoles triangle is shown on the left. All three bands are outlined in white. The Green stands for the richness of the land. White means Peace. Black stands for the continent of Africa, Yellow is the country's minerals, and red is the struggle for the country's independence. Placed in the center of the red triangle is a yellow star. Over the star is a rifle crossed with a hoe, over an open book. The rifle symbolizes defense and vigilance. The hoe symbolizes the country's agriculture. The book symbolizes the importance of education. The 5-point star represents Marxism and internationalism.
The population of Mozambique is 21,669,278. The majority of the people are between the ages of 15 and 64 years old. The life expectancy is 41.18 years. This is very low compared to most other countries, as AIDS is very common in the country and it claims many people each year. Mozambique also has the seventh highest infant mortality rate in the world, with 105.8 deaths per 1000 births. Again, this number is affected by AIDS. Nearly 13% of the population has AIDS and in 2007, 81,000 people were known to have died from the disease.
According to the 1997 census, Languages in Mozambique are broken down into this percentage of the population . . .
Emakhuwa : 26.1 %
Xichangana : 11.3%
Portuguese : 8.8% but 27% of people speak it as a second language.
Elomwe : 7.6%
Cisena : 6.8%
Echuwabo : 5.8%
Mozambican languages : 32%
Foreign languages : 0.3%
Unspecified : 1.3%
99.6% of Mozambicans are of African descent, with a few Europeans and Indians. The most common religion is Catholicism, followed by Zionist Christians and Muslims. The most commonly spoken language is Emakhuwa, the second language is Portuguese. Only about half of the population of Mozambique is literate, with 63% of those who can read and write being males. The average number of years spend in school is 7.
Mozambicans are primarily employed in agriculture, as it is the leading economic activity in the country. The most common crops are cotton, tea, cashews, cattle, sugar cane, maize, cassava and sweet potatoes.
There are 25 major rivers in Mozambique, which means that most of the population live near the natural water sources. For the last ten years, they have been recovering from major flooding that happened in 2000. About a third of the cattle in the country were lost during the flooding and much of the farmland was destroyed.
Timber production would do a lot for the economy, but there are many limitations in machinery and money that prevent it from being as productive as it needs to be to help the economy. Tourism is also considered to have potential, according to experts, in helping the economy. There are problems with tourism right now, because most people who travel to Mozambique do not spend much on average.
GDP(est. 2009) : $20.22 Billion
GDP(Growth Rate) 2009 : 6.3%
Inflation Rate 2009 : 3.3%
Mozambique is a popular location for people who love snorkeling, scuba diving, deep sea fishing or just spending time on a beautiful beach. This primarily coastal country offers many resorts and famous beaches.However, Most of the tourism is from neighboring countries. South Africans go on leisurely purposes. People from Europe or other countries outside of Africa mainly go there for business reasons.
A typical dinner in Mozambique consists of wine, apertif (pre-dinner drink), soup, entrée and salad served with bread and then fruit to finish the meal.
FRANGO A CAFRIAL
Yield: 8 half chickens
In Mozambique about 4 Tbs. of hot red pepper are used in the Cafrial. In this recipe, crushed red peppers may be substituted. 1 tsp. cayenne pepper will give quite a "bite," so if you prefer to hold the seasoning and add it after the chickens are cooked, cut down on the amount given.
Combine: 1 tsp. CAYENNE PEPPER
1 Tbs. SALT
1 tsp. GARLIC POWDER
1/2 tsp. GROUND GINGER
1 tsp. PAPRIKA and
1/2 cup SALAD OIL, and blend thoroughly.
Rub 4 2 1/2-Ib. WHOLE CHICKENS with the seasoned oil on all sides thoroughly.
Roast, Broil, or Barbecue the chickens in your favorite manner, basting them from time to time with the seasoned oil until chickens are done. Cut chickens in half.
Serve with plenty of white rice (allow 1 cup cooked rice per person).
Moore, Clement Henry. "Cape Verde". The World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago. World Book Inc. 2007.
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