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RWANDA

- known as the land of a thousand hills.

- landlock counrty

- located in Great Lakes region of eastern-celtral Afrcia

- bordered by Uganda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Tanzania

- even though it's close to the equator, it has a cooler tempture

- mostly grassy uplands and hills

- lot's of wild life including moutain gorillas

HISTORY

- 800,000 thousand people were killed in the geneocide or 1994

- rwanda was founded in teh 14th or 15th century

- in the late 16th century, Rwanda was invaded by the Banyoro the kings forced to flee ,leaving the eastern area in the hands of Bugesera and Gisaka

population- 10,186,063

Languages- Kinyarwanda (official), universal Bantu vernacular, French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centers

religion- Christian 93.6% (Roman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 26%, Adventist 11.1%), Muslim 4.6%, indigenous beliefs 0.1%, none 1.7% (2001 estimate)

climate- Temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible

life expactany- Male: 48.56 years Female: 51 years

The new Rwanda flag was officially adopted on October 25, 2001.

Green: countries prosperity.

Yellow: potential and econamic development

Blue: happiness and peace

Sun & Rays: enlightment rwanda-flag.gif

Capital city:Kigali

Language: Kinyarwanda (official), English, French, Swahili

Currency:Rwandan Franc

National Anthem:Rwanda Nziza (Beautiful Rwanda)

Newspaper:Business Daily, The New Times, La Nouvelle Releve

Art:

Among the native handicrafts designed within the region, the popular crafts of the area are based on ceramics, basketry, traditional woodcarvings and contemporary paintings. Pass through the street stalls in Kigali, where one can buy modern art works at the Formation of Arts Center. Cow dung ‘paintings' became quite popular within the region, which dominates in the village area of Nyakarimbi adjacent to the Rusumo Falls sharing common borders with Tanzania.

Culture:

Hutus were known to spend most of their time in the cultivation of agricultural goods

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while Tutsis were known to have indulged in cattle rearing. One must take a tour to the two main cultural hub of the region that includes the area of the Rwanda's National Ballet and the Impala Orchestra.

Music:

The ikinimba is valued a lot in the region of Rwanda, which is a traditional folk dance that narrates the epic stories of Rwandan classical heroes. Several musical instruments are used while playing this dance music, which includes the ingoma, iningiri, umuduri, ikembe, and inanga.

Among the three main tribes residing in the region of Rwanda, the total population is comprised of:

· The Hutu residents that includes 80 percent of the inhabitants.

· The Tutsi covers 20 percent of the natives, and

· The Twa, a native tribe of hunters that covers 1 percent of the residents.

French, Rwanda, and English are the official dialect of the area. The Rwandan language, is even refereed to as Kinyarwanda, is a local Bantu language. Swahili is even widely accepted within the region. The population consists of religion like Roman Catholic, Protestant, Adventist and Muslims.

MAP:

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