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Senegal is one of the most stable democracies in Africa.
Senegal was home to many French colonies.
Senegal has a history of peacekeeping and mediation.
Senegal has many relations, including neighbor countries and the U.S.
Borders: Mouritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, and The Gambi
Location: North-Western Africa
Area: 76,000 square miles (about the size of Nebraska)
Terrain: generally low, rolling plains, rising to foothills in southeast
Flag: Obtained on August 20, 1960
Green- abundance of land
Red- sacrifice and power
Five pointed star- openness to the rest of the world
Currency: One U.S. dollar= 496.940 CFA Franc
Population growth rate: 2.709%
Infant Mortality Rate: 59 per 1,000 births
Language: French (official)
Climate: tropic, hot, humid, rainy season
Government type: republic
Leader: President Abdoulaye WADE
European and Lebanese
Internet access/users: 1.02 million
GDP per capita: $1,600
Labor Force by occupation:
industry and service
Unemployment rate: 48%
agricultural and fishing proccess
ship construction and repair
food and beverages
Education: 5% of GDP
39.3% (total population)
Sufferage: 18 years old (universal)
Independence: April 4, 1960
Net migration rate: no migrants
arable land (12.51%)
permanent crops (0.24%)
seasonally flooding in lowlands
In 1993, Senegal made a turnaround from a reform program, which increased the GDP average.
In 1994, Senegal undertook an economic reform program.
High unemployment, in Senegal, causes illegal migrants to leave Senegal, to find better jobs in Europe.
Senegal had several widespread blackouts. due to energy crisis, in 2006 and 2007.
Senegal has also signed agreements for mining and a Compact for road construction.
French colonies of Senegal and French Sudan merge to form Mali Federation.
Mali Federation gets independence.
Mali Federation broke up, but Senegal kept its independence.
Senegal gets its first president, Leopold Sedar Senghor.
There were government problems between President Senghor and Prime Minister Mamadou Dia.
Dia is soon arrested.
The Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance(MFDC) helped led low-level separatist and peace deals that did not work out.
President Senghor retires.
Presidentcy is given to Abdou Diouf.
He continued to be president until 2000
Senegal and The Gambia form nominal confederation of Senegambia.
Senegambia did not work out and dissolved
Diouf was defeated in the election for president.
Abdoulaye Wade won the election for president.
Parliamentary and presidential elections are held
Abdoulaye Wade is reelected
yellow fever vaccination needed
gatherings (political and protests) during Friday, could be violent sometimes
Lac Rose(Pink Lake) popular attraction, with beaches
, Lerner Publications Company, 1988.
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