Senegal
senegal-map.jpg

Background:
  • Senegal is one of the most stable democracies in Africa.
  • Senegal was home to many French colonies.
  • Senegal has a history of peacekeeping and mediation.
  • Senegal has many relations, including neighbor countries and the U.S.
Capital: Dakar
Borders: Mouritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, and The Gambi
Location: North-Western Africa
  • Longitude- -17.26
  • Latitude- 14.40
Area: 76,000 square miles (about the size of Nebraska)
Terrain: generally low, rolling plains, rising to foothills in southeast
Flag: Obtained on August 20, 1960

  • Green- abundance of land
  • Yellow- sun
  • Red- sacrifice and power
  • Five pointed star- openness to the rest of the world
Senegal_flag_lg.gif

Currency: One U.S. dollar= 496.940 CFA Franc
Population: 14,086,103
Population growth rate: 2.709%
Life Expectancy:
  • Male- 54
  • Female- 57
Infant Mortality Rate: 59 per 1,000 births
Religions:
  • Muslim
  • Christian
Language: French (official)
Climate: tropic, hot, humid, rainy season
Government type: republic
Leader: President Abdoulaye WADE
Ethnic groups:
  • Wolof
  • Pular
  • Serer
  • Jola
  • Mandinka
  • Soninke
  • European and Lebanese
Internet access/users: 1.02 million
GDP per capita: $1,600
Labor Force by occupation:
  • agriculture
  • industry and service
Unemployment rate: 48%
Agriculture products:
  • peanuts
  • millet
  • corn
  • sorghum
  • rice
  • cotton
  • tomatoes
  • green vegetables
  • cattle
  • poultry
  • fish
Industries:
  • agricultural and fishing proccess
  • phosphate mining
  • fertilizer production
  • petroleum refining
  • ship construction and repair
  • construction materials
Imports:
  • food and beverages
  • capital goods
  • fuel
Exports:
  • fish
  • groundnuts
  • petroleum products
  • phosphate
  • cotton
Illicit Drugs:
  • heroin
  • cocanine
  • cannabis
Education: 5% of GDP
Literacy:
  • 39.3% (total population)
  • 51.1% (male)
  • 29.2% (female)
Sufferage: 18 years old (universal)
Independence: April 4, 1960
Net migration rate: no migrants
Natural Resources:
  • fish
  • phosphate
  • iron ore
Land use:
  • arable land (12.51%)
  • permanent crops (0.24%)
  • other (87.25%)
Natural hazards:
  • seasonally flooding in lowlands
  • periodic droughts
Environmental issues:
  • poaching
  • deforestation
  • overgrazing
  • soil erosion
  • desertification
  • over fishing
Economic overview:
  • In 1993, Senegal made a turnaround from a reform program, which increased the GDP average.
  • In 1994, Senegal undertook an economic reform program.
  • High unemployment, in Senegal, causes illegal migrants to leave Senegal, to find better jobs in Europe.
  • Senegal had several widespread blackouts. due to energy crisis, in 2006 and 2007.
  • Senegal has also signed agreements for mining and a Compact for road construction.
Timeline:
  • 1959
    • French colonies of Senegal and French Sudan merge to form Mali Federation.
  • 1960(June)
    • Mali Federation gets independence.
  • 1960 (August)
    • Mali Federation broke up, but Senegal kept its independence.
    • Senegal gets its first president, Leopold Sedar Senghor.
  • 1962
    • There were government problems between President Senghor and Prime Minister Mamadou Dia.
    • Dia is soon arrested.
  • 1980's
    • The Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance(MFDC) helped led low-level separatist and peace deals that did not work out.
  • 1980
    • President Senghor retires.
  • 1981
    • Presidentcy is given to Abdou Diouf.
      • He continued to be president until 2000
  • 1982
    • Senegal and The Gambia form nominal confederation of Senegambia.
  • 1989
    • Senegambia did not work out and dissolved
  • 2000
    • Diouf was defeated in the election for president.
    • Abdoulaye Wade won the election for president.
  • 2007
    • Parliamentary and presidential elections are held
    • Abdoulaye Wade is reelected

Tourist Informantion:
  • passport required
  • yellow fever vaccination needed
  • gatherings (political and protests) during Friday, could be violent sometimes
  • Lac Rose(Pink Lake) popular attraction, with beaches



Works cited:
http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country.php?contid=1&wmn=Africa&cid=141&cn=Senegal
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sg.html
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2862.htm#history
http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1013.html
Senegal...In Pictures, Lerner Publications Company, 1988.