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Sierra Leone Emily S!
The Government and the Economy
(links are currently not working. i really can't figure it out. but i seriously tried for at least an hour.)
The flag of Sierra Leone has three stripes which each represent something. The green represents Sierra Leone's agriculture, mountains, and natural resources. The white stripe represents unity and justice. Finally, the blue stripe is symbolic of, "the natural harbor in Freetown."
About Sierra Leone:
27,699 square miles
Guinea, Liberia, the Atlantic Ocean
the coast is marsh
the east is a plateau forests and mountains
the north is a savanna
the south is rainforest
farming in the rainforest area
overfishing, scarcity in natural resources, rapid population growth, deforestation
Sierra Leone is a place where one's family and tribe come before the government. With the great diversity of ethnic groups, this is a big problem. The country is presently working on bringing deocracy back after their recent civil war (ended in 2002). Despiter all of the problems in their country, Sierra Leonans enjoy to have fun. They prefer to look on the bright side of any situation. To stay positive, they attend soccer games and go to movie theaters.
5,132,138 (as of July 2010)
39.08 out of 1000 people
12.22 out of 1000 people
Infant Mortality Rate-
81.86 out of 1000 live births
Net Migration Rate-
5.08 migrant(s) out of 1000 people
Population Growth Rate-
African ethnic groups make up 90% of the population
Creole (Krio) (10%)
Refugees from Liberia
A small number of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians
Average- 55.25 years
Male- 52.86 years
Female- 57.71 years
30% indigenous beliefs
Time Spent Getting an Education:
Average- 7 years
Male- 8 years
Female- 6 years
English is the official language, but it is only commonly used by a minority of the people
Mende is mostly spoken in the south.
Temne is mostly spoken in the north.
Krio is spoken around the Freetown area. It is understood by 95% of the population.
13,900 (as of 2009)
The Government and Economy:
Sierra Leone is a very unstable country at the moment. Not only is it extremely poor, but it has recently gone through two civil wars. These wars have not helped the Economy at all. It also doesn't help that half of the people of working age only subsistence farm. All of this has caused Sierra Leone to rely heavily on funding from other countries.
On April 27th, 1961, Sierra Leone gained independence for Britain.
18 years of age
President Ernest Bai Koroma
GDP per Capita- $900 (as of 2009)
Labor Force By Occupation- N/A
Currency/Exchange Rate: (currency is the Leone)
1 Leone = 0.0002466 Dollars
1 Dollar = 4,055.00 Leones
Industries- diamond mining, manufacturing, petroleum refining, ship repair
Agriculture Products- rice, coffee, cocoa, palm products, peanuts, animals
Imports- foodstuffs, equiptment, fuel chemicals
Exports- diamonds, cocoa, coffee, fish
Sierra Leone has a very interesting history. Most of it is different groups striving for power. Below is a timeline of important events in the history of Sierra Leone.
The area that is now Sierra Leone was a part of the Mali Empire.
The Portugese began to explore the area. They named the region Serra Lyoa which means lion range.
Britain took protectorate over Sierra Leone. This just means that Britain, as a stronger country, would look after Sierra Leone and it's affairs until it was strong enough to do so on its own.
April 27, 1961-
Sierra Leone gained independence from Britain and Sir Milton Margai became the first Prime Minister.
As prime minister, Siaka Stevens banned all parties except the All People's Conference (APC)
Starting in 1991-
A rebel group known as the RUF (Revolutionary United Front) started war which destroyed the economy and killed at least 10,000
Captain Valentine Strasser took over and leads the country under military rule.
Peace is reached with the RUF and an election is held. Ahmad Tejan Kabbah is elected president.
RUF begins to rebel again.
Kabbah is forced to leave and a rebel leader, Johnny Paul Koromah, becomes president.
Koromah is run out, Kabbah comes back
The RUF sign a treaty and get to hold positions in government. Koromah goes back to the army.
The RUF broke the treaty by not giving back smuggled diamonds.
RUF takes over
The UN helps to restore peace. The RUF is peacefully gone.
Kabbah is relected president.
Ernest Bai Koroma becomes president.
Ahmad Tejan Kabbah
Johnny Paul Koromah
Before Coming here...
Bring money with you because credit card use is limited.
Have a visa or passport (duh)
4 to 6 weeks before leaving to go on a trip to Sierra Leone, you should visit your doctor. they can help you to keep safe while you are there. Before leaving, you should make sure that your routine vaccines are current. You should also have vaccines for hepatitis A and B, typhoid, polio, yellow fever, and rabies. Also discuss with your doctor the best ways to prevent catching malaria. Remember, you should not ever drink tap water in Sierra Leone so bring extra money for bottled water! Be safe!
Things to do and things to see here...
The Cotton Tree
watch out for pick pockets!
clear water great for swimming!
The Cotton Tree
a landmark in the city of Freetown
over 200 years old
on the Leone
Tacugama Chimpanzee Sanctuary
30 minutes from Freetown
The United States Embassy-
June Carter Perry
Southridge-Hill Station, Freetown
 (22) 515 000 or (76) 515 000
 (22) 515 355
Tacugama Chimpanzee Sanctuary
An Authentic Recipe:
Benne Cakes (Sesame Cookies)
3/4 cup butter, softened1 1/2 cup brown sugar
2 eggs beate
1 1/4 cup all-purpose flour
1/2 cup sesame seeds toasted
1 tsp. vanilla extract
1/4 tsp. baking powder
1. cream butter and sugar together and mix with other ingredients, in the order as listed.
2. Using a teaspoon, drop spoonfuls of dough on cookie sheet. Bake at 325 F for 30 minutes.
. Philadelphia: Mason Crest, 2008.
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