Somalia




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Flag Facts:

-Baby Blue symbolizes the sky and the Indian Ocean
-White five pointed star is to represent the five regions in the horn of Africa



Backround:


-Britian seperated from British Somaliland in 1960, after the spit British Somaliland joined with the Italian Somaliland to form present day Somalia.


Geography

Location/Borders:

-Eastern Africa-Borders Gulf Of Aden, and Indian Ocean-East of Ethiopia-Bordering Countries = Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya

Map:

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Full Africa Location:

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Area:

-Total area = 637,657 sq. km.-Land = 627,337 sq. km.-Water = 10,320 sq. km.-Comparison = Barely smaller than Texas

Coastline:

-3,025 km.

Climate:

-North, moderate temperatures-South, hot-Southwest, monsoon season May --> October-Northeast, monsoon season December --> February

Terrain:

-Most of the region is flat-Plateau rises to hills in North

Natural Resources:

-Uranium-Iron-Tin-Gypsum-Bauxite-Copper-Salt-Natural Gas

Land Use:

-Arable Land = 1.64%-Permanent Crops = 0.04%Other = 98.32%

Irrigated Land:

-2,00 sq. km.

Natural hazards:

-Several droughts a year-Dust storms = Northern part-Some floody during monsoon season

Enviormental Issues:

-famine-dirty water-bad soil for crops

People of Somalia

Population:

-9,832,017

Age Structure(years of age):

-0 --> 14 = 45%-15 --> 64 = 52.6%-65 --> & Over = 2.5%

Population Growth Rate:

-2.815%

Birth/Death Rate:

-Birth = 43.7 births/1,000 pop.-Death = 15.55 deaths/1,000 pop.

Net Migration Rate:

-0 migrants/ 1,000 pop.

HIV/Aids Deaths:

-1,600/ since 2007

Life Expectancy:

-Male = 47.78 years-of-age-Female = 51.53 years-of-age

Ethnic Groups:

-Somalian = 85%-Bantu, non somalian = 15%

Religion:

-Sunni Muslim

Lanuage:

-Arabic-Italian-English

Literacy:

-Ages 15 & over = Able to read-Total pop. = 37.8%-Male = 49.7%-Female = 25.8%


Government

Gov. Type:

-Tansitional-Parliamentary fed. Gov.

Capital:

-Mogadishu

Independence:

-July 1, 1960

Suffrage:

-18 years-old

Leader:

-No one leader


Economy

Economic Overview:

-Besides the lack of an effective government, Somalia still has a very good Economy

GDP Exchange Rate:

-$2.731 Billion

GDP - Per Capita:

- $600

Labor Force:

-3.447 Million

Export Commodities:

-Livestock-Bananas-Hides-Fish-Charcoal-Scrap Metals

Import Commodities:

-Manufactures-Petroleum-Food-Construction Materials

Military

Military Branches:

-National Security Force

Manpower Availability Ages:

-Male = 16 --> 49-Female = 16 --> 49

Military Expenditures:

0.9%


Photos

060720_somalia_hmed_6a_hmedium.jpg
People Of Somalia

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Suffering from famine

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Soldiers




Sources
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/so.html#top


http://msnbcmedia2.msn.com/j/msnbc/Components/Photos/060720/060720_somalia_hmed_6a.hmedium.jpg

http://www.worldproutassembly.org/images/somalia_child.jpg

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_L6qhjIdo_yg/S747lLagdJI/AAAAAAAAALg/tiZLUNNrGGc/s1600/somalia_technicals-1.jpg