south_africa_flag.png


Table ofContents:

History
Location/Topography
Government
Everyday Life
Tourism
Interesting Facts
Timeline
Works Sited


South Africa

History

Flag Description: South Africa's flag has six seperate colors. It is the only flag in the world with six colors. It has white bands, and a green Y down the middle. Black, yellow, and green are found on the African National Congress foundation. Red, white, and blue are from the Netherlands and UK, who ruled Africa during the colonial era.


Backround: South Africa was established by Dutch traders in 1652, and founded the city of Cape Town. The Dutch were referred to as Boers. It was later siezed by the British, forcing the Dutch to spread out around central Africa. The settlers resisted the English until 1902, when they were defeated in the Boer War. They then both worked together as the Union of South Africa, which turned into a republic in 1961. Segregation was a problem in the country. It was called apartheid, and whites lived in higher standards than blacks. Whites still ruled in politics until 1994, which was the first multi-racial election. Much is still being done to improve living conditions in South Africa.


Independence: May 31, 1910- Union of South Africa formed, May 31, 1960- Republic, April 27, 1994- Majority rule

Ethnic Groups: Black African- 79% White- 9.6% Colored- 8.9% Indian/Asian- 2.5%



external image Cape_Town_Downtown.jpg

Location/Topography

Location:Southern tip of the continent Africa.


Area: About twice the size of Texas. Size-1,219,090 sq km. Land-1,214,470 sq km Water-4,620 sq kmexternal image zulunkosi.jpg


Borders: Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Zimbabwe.


Climate: Semiarid, subtropical, sunny days, cool nights.


Terrain: Large plateau, many hills, coastal plain


Land Use: Arable land- 12.1% Permanent Crops- 0.79% Other- 87.11%


Natural Hazards: Drought


Natural Resources: Gold, coal, iron, tin, nickel, diamonds, natural gas


Environmental Issues: Pollution to rivers, acid rain, soil erosion, desertification, water conservation measures



Goverment

Country Name: Long Form- Republic of South Africa, Short Form- South Africa, Former- Union of South Africa, Abbreviation- RSA

Goverment type: Republic


Suffrage: 18 years old


GDP per capita: $10,300


Agricultural products: Corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables, beef, poultry, mutton, wool, dairy products


Exports: Gold, diamonds, metals, machinery


Imports: Machines, chemicals, petroleum, foodexternal image rain.gif


Capital: Pretoria (Administrative)


Leader: President Jacob Zuma


Labor Force by Occupation: Agriculture- 9%; Industry- 31.1%; Services- 65%


Industries: Mining, car assembly, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, fertilizer


Currency/Exchange Rate: Rand(ZAR)/7.002350


Population: 49,052,489


Population Growth Rate: 0.281%


Net Migration Rate: -0.13 migrants/1,000 population


Infant Mortality Rate: 44.42 deaths/1,000 live births


Economic Overview: Middle-income, 18th largest stock exchange, 2007 experienced electricity crisis, Unemployment high, poverty, 1/4th population recieves social grants, 50% population below poverty line, richest country in Africa, used to experience rolling blackouts



external image South_Africa_sat.jpgexternal image CuisineSouthAfrica.jpg

Everyday Life

Religion: Mostly Christian


Languages: IsiZulu-23.8%; IsiXhosa-17.6%; Afrikaans-13.3%; Sepedia-9.4%; English-8.2%; Setswana-8.2%; Sesotho-7.9%; Xitsonga-4.4%; Other-7.2%


Nationality: South African


Education: Schooling-13 years


Life Expectancy: Male-49.81 yrs old; Female-48.13 yrs old


Literacy: Total- 86.4% Male- 87% Female- 85.7%


Unemployment: 24% of nation unemployed


Internet Use: 4.187 million users


Illicit Drugs: Transportation center for heroin, cocaine, drug use on rise, produce synthetic drugs


Sports: Soccer, Rugby, Cricket. Hosted 2010 FIFA World cup



Tourism

Table Mountain: Plateau next to Cape Town, very large, can take a cable car to top.

external image SouthAfricaFieldwork21989.jpg

Robben Island: Used to be jail for blacks on an island surrounded by sharks, Nelson Mandela spent 16 years here. Now a tourist attraction.


What to watch out for: AIDS Virus, Hepatitus A, Typhoid Fever



Interesting Facts

National Holiday: Freedom Day, April 27


Cell Phones: 45 million users


Economy: Richest country in Africa


Economy: Largest producer of platinium and gold in the world


Sports: Hosted and won the 1995 Rugby World Cup.



Timeline


1480s- Portuguese navigators travel to southern tip of Africa.


1816-1826- Shaka Zulu creates/expands Zulu Empire


1880-1881- Boers rebel against British, first Boer War.


external image 03_harbour_wide_tmountd.jpg

Mid 1880s- Gold is discovered in Transvaal


1948- Apartheid is adopted, National Party takes over


1976- More than 600 killed in clash between black protesters and security in Soweto


1990- African National Congress unbanned, Nelson Mandela released from prison, Naminia independent


1994- Nelson Mandela becomes president


2003- Goverment opens drug distribution centers to defeat AIDS/HIV


2009- Parliament elects Jacob Zuma as president. Economy in recession


2010- South Africa hosts World Cup soccer tournament



Works Cited


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Africa#Music

http://online.culturegrams.com/

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/country_profiles/1069402.stm

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sf.html

http://www.havaprintz.com/zuluNkosi.html

http://www.capetownskies.com/

http://www.calflora.net/southafrica/rainfall.html