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algeria mackenzie russ
Benin- Robert Domer
Burkina Faso Shelby Sorochman
Cape Verde Jessica Martin
Central African Republic Reed
Comoros Zac Ausman
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South Africa Matt Elphinstone
South Africa's flag has six seperate colors. It is the only flag in the world with six colors. It has white bands, and a green Y down the middle. Black, yellow, and green are found on the African National Congress foundation. Red, white, and blue are from the Netherlands and UK, who ruled Africa during the colonial era.
South Africa was established by Dutch traders in 1652, and founded the city of Cape Town. The Dutch were referred to as Boers. It was later siezed by the British, forcing the Dutch to spread out around central Africa. The settlers resisted the English until 1902, when they were defeated in the Boer War. They then both worked together as the Union of South Africa, which turned into a republic in 1961. Segregation was a problem in the country. It was called apartheid, and whites lived in higher standards than blacks. Whites still ruled in politics until 1994, which was the first multi-racial election. Much is still being done to improve living conditions in South Africa.
May 31, 1910- Union of South Africa formed
May 31, 1960- Republic
April 27, 1994- Majority rule
Southern tip of the continent Africa.
About twice the size of Texas.
1,219,090 sq km.
1,214,470 sq km Water-4,620 sq km
Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Zimbabwe.
Semiarid, subtropical, sunny days, cool nights.
Large plateau, many hills, coastal plain
Arable land- 12.1% Permanent Crops- 0.79% Other- 87.11%
Gold, coal, iron, tin, nickel, diamonds, natural gas
Pollution to rivers, acid rain, soil erosion, desertification, water conservation measures
Republic of South Africa
, Short Form-
Union of South Africa
18 years old
GDP per capita:
Corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables, beef, poultry, mutton, wool, dairy products
Gold, diamonds, metals, machinery
Machines, chemicals, petroleum, food
President Jacob Zuma
Labor Force by Occupation:
Agriculture- 9%; Industry- 31.1%; Services- 65%
Mining, car assembly, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, fertilizer
Population Growth Rate:
Net Migration Rate:
-0.13 migrants/1,000 population
Infant Mortality Rate:
44.42 deaths/1,000 live births
Middle-income, 18th largest stock exchange, 2007 experienced electricity crisis, Unemployment high, poverty, 1/4th population recieves social grants, 50% population below poverty line, richest country in Africa, used to experience rolling blackouts
IsiZulu-23.8%; IsiXhosa-17.6%; Afrikaans-13.3%; Sepedia-9.4%; English-8.2%; Setswana-8.2%; Sesotho-7.9%; Xitsonga-4.4%; Other-7.2%
Male-49.81 yrs old; Female-48.13 yrs old
Total- 86.4% Male- 87% Female- 85.7%
24% of nation unemployed
4.187 million users
Transportation center for heroin, cocaine, drug use on rise, produce synthetic drugs
Soccer, Rugby, Cricket. Hosted 2010 FIFA World cup
Plateau next to Cape Town, very large, can take a cable car to top.
Used to be jail for blacks on an island surrounded by sharks, Nelson Mandela spent 16 years here. Now a tourist attraction.
What to watch out for:
AIDS Virus, Hepatitus A, Typhoid Fever
Freedom Day, April 27
45 million users
Richest country in Africa
Largest producer of platinium and gold in the world
Hosted and won the 1995 Rugby World Cup.
Portuguese navigators travel to southern tip of Africa.
Shaka Zulu creates/expands Zulu Empire
Boers rebel against British, first Boer War.
Gold is discovered in Transvaal
Apartheid is adopted, National Party takes over
More than 600 killed in clash between black protesters and security in Soweto
African National Congress unbanned, Nelson Mandela released from prison, Naminia independent
Nelson Mandela becomes president
Goverment opens drug distribution centers to defeat AIDS/HIV
Parliament elects Jacob Zuma as president. Economy in recession
South Africa hosts World Cup soccer tournament
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