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Red, white, black and green are called the pan-Arab colors
The colors stand for Arab unity and independence.
The red stripe represents Sudan's struggle for independence and many other struggles, and the sacrifices of the country's martyrs. The white represents peace, light and optimism. It also represents the White Flag League which was a nationalist group that rose up against colonial rule in 1924.
The black represents Sudan; in Arabic 'Sudan' means black. It also represents the black flag of nationalists who fought colonial rule during the Kimokino Revolution, late in 19th century.
Green represents Islam, agriculture and the prosperity of the land
Sudan is a counrty in Northeast of Africa, and it is the largest counrty in Africa
Northeast Sudan, called Nubia in ancient times, was colonized by Egypt about 2000 BC and was ruled by the Cush kingdom from the 8th cent. BC to the 4th cent AD Most of Nubia was converted to Coptic Christianity in the 6th cent., but by the 15th cent. Islam prevailed. In 1821 the north was conquered by Egypt, but a revolt by the nationalist Mahdi in 1881 forced an Egyptian withdrawal. In and in 1899 most of Sudan came under the joint rule of Egypt and Britain (with Britain exercising actual control). Independence was achieved in 1956.
: Republic of Sudan
: Sudan is bounded to the north by Egypt, north-east by the Red Sea, east by Eritrea and Ethiopia, south by Kenya, Uganda and Zaire, west by the central African Republic and Tchad, and north-west by Libya.
: Africa´s largest country, Sudan is divided on ethnic, religious and ideological grounds. Sudan has a total area of 2,505,800 sq km (967,500 sq mi).
: The official language of Sudan is Arabic.
: About 70 percent of the people of Sudan are Muslim, some 25 percent follow traditional religions, and most of the remainder are Christian. The people of northern Sudan are predominantly Sunni Muslims. Most of the people in the south either practice traditional religions or are Christian.
: The 1997 estimated population of Sudan was 32,594,128, giving the country an overall population density of 13 persons per sq km (34 per sq mi). The most densely settled area is at the juncture of the White Nile and the Blue Nile.
: Sudan is a member of the UN, OUA, thee Arab Aleague , is an ACP state of the EU and Organization of the Islamic Confereance.
: The unit of currency is the dinar.
Sudan Time Difference
: GMT + 2
Adult literacy rate: 71% (male) 52% (female) Infant mortality rate: 82 per 1,000 births Life expectancy: 56 (male) 59 (female) Currency: Sudanese pounds
The northern part of Sudan contains deserts &
the southern holds resources
theres shortages on medices;
Many serious diseases are common, particularly malaria, hepatitis, dysentery, and bilharzia.
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