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TUNISIA

BASIC INFORMATION

BACKGROUND

FLAG

MAP

ETHNICITY

GOVERNMENT

RELIGION

ECONOMYLIFE

EDUCATION

TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENT










BASIC INFORMATION:


Location:

Tunisia is located in nothern Africa bordering the Mediterranian Sea. It is bordered on either side by Algeria and Libya.Geographic Coordinates: 34 00 N 9 00 E

Area:

Total Area: 163,610 sq kmWater Area: 8,250 sq kmLand Area: 155,360 sq km

Slightly larger than the U.S. state of Georgia.

Climate:

Northern: Mild, rainy winters, hot dry summers.

Southern: Desert

Terrain:

Northern: Mountainous.Central: Dry Plains.

Southern: Semiarid area that merges into the Sahara Desert.

Agriculture:

17% of land in Tunisia is able to be cultivated

Oranges and olives are the prominant crops produced in Tunisia.


Population:

Currently 10.6 million
22% of citizens are under age 15.Growth Rate: 0.00%

Capital:

Tunis

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BACKGROUND:
1100 B.C. - The Phonicians settle on the coast of North Africa.
600's - The Arabs conquer what is today Tunisia.
909 - Berbers seize the land from the Arabs.
1881 - The French occupies Tunis. Tunisia becomes a French protectorate.
1956 - Tunisia becomes independent. March 20.
1957 - Tunisia becomes a republic.
1961 - Fighting breaks out between the French and Tunisia.
1999 - First general election with multiple parties.
2005 - Tunisia hosts UN conference.

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FLAG:tunisia_flag.gif

Tunisia's flag is red with a white circle in the center. Inside the white circle is a crescent and a red five point star. The flag is red to represent the original color of Islam. The large white circle represents the sun and the crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam. The star and crescent are also considered to be lucky symbols.

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MAPS:

The following map displays the major cities and capital city in tunisia. The capital of Tunisia is Tunis.
tunisia_map.jpg
This is an elevation map of Tunisia. Tunisia is mountainous in the north and more flat in the south.
Tunisia_19888.gif
The following map shows the relative location of Tunisia. It is located in North Africa between Algeria and Libya. It is very close to Europe.
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Land use: 20% permanent pastures 19% arable land 13% permanent crops 4% forests and woodlands 44% other

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ETHNICITY:

Languages:

Almost every citizen speaks Tunisian Arabic

A majority also speak French

Tunisian Arabic is divided into six dialects: Tunis, Sahel, Sfax, North-Western, South-Western, and South-Eastern

Ethnic Groups:

Arabs: 90%
^Tunisians: 78%
^Hillalians: 10%
^Andalucians: 2%
Berbers: 10%
Europeans: 0.2%
Jews: <0.1%

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GOVERNMENT:

Leaders:

The Head of State is President Zine el Abidine
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President Zine el-Abidine
The Prime Minister is Mouhammad Ghannouchi

Government Type:

Independent Republic
Tunisia is technically a democracy but political freedom is limited.
The government consists of 25 ministries.
Tunisia has a limited amount of freedom of speech.

Suffrage:

Citizens must be 18 years or older to voteIn 1959 women were granted the right to vote

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RELIGION:
Islam: 99.8% - The Muslim religion whose followers believe that there is only one God, Allah, and that Mohammed is his prophet.
^Sunni: 99.7% - An unorthodox Muslim.
^Ibadi: <0.1% - Branch of Islam.ReligiousSymbols.png
Christianity: 0.2% - The religion taught by Christ and his followers.
Judaism: <0.1%- The religion of the Jews.
Baha'i: <0.1% - A religion that emphasizes the essential unity of all religions.

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ECONOMY:

Currency:

The currency in Tunisia is called the dinar.
The dinar is broken down into 1000 millimes. 1 U.S. Dollar = 1.41805 Tunisian dinar

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The dinar
Economic Situation:

Tunisia's GDP per capita is about $7,900 (U.S. dollars)
Unemployment 14%
Only 7% of the population is below poverty line. Labor force by occupation - Services 55%, Industry 23% Agriculture 22%.

Industry:

Imports: Textiles, Machinery and Equipment, Hydrocarbons, Chemicals, and Food.
Exports: Clothing, Semi-finished Goods and Textiles, Agrucultural Products, Mechanicals Goods, Phosphates and Chemicals, Hydrocarbons, and Electrical Equipment.
Industries: Agriculture, Mining, Energy, and Manufacturing Production.

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LIFE:

Health Care:

Tunisia has the second best heath situation in North Africa next to LIbya.

Doctor/ Patient ratio: 1.3 doctor per every 1000 citizens whearas the U.S Doctor/ Patient ratio is: 1 doctor per 390 citizens.
Private clinics exist in the major cities
Child vaccination programs are effective: children are vaccinated against tuberculosis, diptheria, tetanus, polio, and measles.
Life expectancy in Tunisia is 74 years old.
Infant mortality rate is 18.3 per every 1000 live births
Family Planning:
Family planning is promoted by the government.
As of 2000, 60% of married women use birth control.
Infant mortality rate: 19.8 deaths per 1000 live births

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Water:
In towns and cities, access to clean water is almost 100%
In more remote villages, 94% have access to clean water and 85% have access to sanitationIllicit drugs: unknown.

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EDUCATION:

The educational system is based on the system established by the French in 1956.Arabic is the main instructional language, but French is also spoken.Literacy Rate: 74.3%Education expenditures: 7.3% (2005 est.) Private schools are generally lower quality than public schools in Tunisia.School is free for all children.
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Primary School:

It is manditory for children ages 6 or 7 to attend 9 years of schooling.Upon completing the sixth grade, students must complete a test and pass with a 50% grade. If the test is not passed the sixth grade must be completed over again. About 15-20% of students fail this exam.

Secondary School:

4 years in lengthStudents choose between 5 specializations: Langauge and Arts, Mathematics, Technical, Experimental Sciences, Economics and Management.

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TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENT:
In 2009 - 3,500,000 people had internet access.
This was 33.4% of the population.
Many websites are banned and there is not freedom on the internet in Tunisia.

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WORKS CITED:


http://looklex.com/e.o/tunisia.htmhttp://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/africa/tn.htmhttp://www.lonelyplanet.com/tunisiahttp://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Tunisiahttp://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0108050.htmlhttp://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-C-Tunisia/http://www.economywatch.com/world_economy/tunisia/export-import.htmlhttp://www.worldflags101.com/t/tunisia-flag.aspxhttp://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/ReligiousSymbols.png&imgrefurl=http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ReligiousSymbols.png&usg=__PhfsNwT7wOZSh2pv903_eAElQt0=&h=500&w=500&sz=7&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=E2mN2oH3LVQzEM:&tbnh=130&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dreligions%2Bsymbols%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1276%26bih%3D590%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=203&ei=ceyoTM77OIT7lwewnpzNDA&oei=ceyoTM77OIT7lwewnpzNDA&esq=1&page=1&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:21,s:0&tx=81&ty=62__http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.offbeattravel.com/tunisia-safari-3.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.offbeattravel.com/tunisia-tozeur-safari.html&usg=__Gox3EZxJtmjUpxeM7jeHv1kNjw0=&h=268&w=400&sz=52&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=9iX8DNjZ2wwI_M:&tbnh=129&tbnw=193&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dtunisia%2Bwater%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1259%26bih%3D590%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=343&ei=Je6oTJS0O8Wclgf287i2DA&oei=_-2oTMe1A8GclgeP3bmlDA&esq=10&page=1&ndsp=17&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0&tx=133&ty=74http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/country_profiles/2506465.stmhttp://www.internetworldstats.com/af/tn.htmhttp://www.nationmaster.com/country/ts-tunisia/lab-labor
Barnhart, Clarence Lewis. The World Book Encyclopedia Dictionary. Vol. 1. Chicago: Field Enterprises Educational, 1963. Print.