• UGANDA


The Flag
Geography and Devoplment
The Map
The People
Society
Tourism
Works Cited
Timeline

The Flag



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  • Uganda's Independence: 9 October 1962 (when the flag was adopted).
  • It consists of six equal horizontal lines of three different colors; black, yellow, red, (which repeats twice).
  • The three colors represent African people (black), Africa's sunshine (yellow), and African brotherhood (red, being like blood).
  • In the middle, is the Crested Crane, Uganda's national bird. (symbolizes Uganda's beauty).

Geography and Devolpment


  • Known as the Pearl of Africa for the variety and beauty of its landscapes, Uganda's area is 93,065 square miles (241,038 square kilometers), an area about the same size as Oregon.
  • The country is located on the East African plateau, averaging about 1,100 metres (3,609 ft) above sea level,Roughly one-fourth of the land is arable; 12 percent is reserved for national parks and forests.
  • Divided into 80 districs, spread across four administrative regions: Northern, Eastern, Central, and Western.
  • The districts are subdivided into counrties. A number of districts have been added in the past few years, and eight others were added on July 1, 2006.
  • Most districts are named after their main commercial and administrative towns.
  • Each district is divided into sub-districts, countries, sub-countries, parishes, and villages.
  • Although landlocked, Uganda contains many large lakes.
  • Latitude: 0.19
  • Longitude: 32.25




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The Map
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  • Capital:Kampala

  • Location/Climate:
    • Uganda is Southwest of Kenya, East of Zaire, and North of Lake Victoria.
    • The Nile River flows Kenya.
    • Lake Victoria is a big section of Uganda, covering nearly 1/3.
    • Average temperatures range between 72 and 92°F (22–33°C) depending on the region and season.
      • Areas around Lake Victoria tend to be cooler even in the dry season.
    • The Ruwenzori Mountains and the Kigezi Mountains, in southwest Uganda, are cold and misty most of the year.




The People



  • Population: 33,398,682 and is growing 3.6% anually.

  • Languages: English and Swahili
    • Generally, people speak their own native language or dialect first, a regional tongue, and then English if educated.
      • People who speak English are highly respected.
  • Religion: Most Ugandans are Christian; Catholics and Protestants comprise the largest denominations.
      • Regardless of religion, most Ugandans respect and fear spirits, demons, and God.

  • General Attitudes:
    • Ugandans treasure their heritage and place great importance on families and clans.
    • They value economic prosperity, education, and spirituality.
    • Western devices such as video cameras, mobile phones, and so forth are highly sought after symbols of wealth in urban areas.
    • A growing adoption of Western culture and individualistic habits disturbs many older people, who encourage schools to teach traditional values through song, dance, and drama.
  • Other Citizen Statitstics:

    • Human Dev. Index rank: 157 of 182 countrie
    • Adult literacy rate:82% (male); 66% (female)
    • Life expectancy51 (male); 52 (female)
    • Adjusted for women:131 of 155 countries
    • Real GDP per capita: $1,059
    • Unemployment rate:45.6%

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Society
  • Leader(s):
    • Uganda's president (Yoweri Museveni) is head of state and head of government.
    • The prime minister is appointed by the president.
      • (Apolo Nsibambi) heads the executive cabinet.
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Museveni: Uganda's president


  • Economy:
    • Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy.
    • Most families rely heavily on subsistence farming for their livelihood; the bulk of this work is performed by women.
    • Major cash crops include coffee and tea grown primarily in the western and central regions, and tobacco and cotton grown in the north and east.
    • Uganda is one of the world's largest producers of raw coffee.
    • Other crops include soybeans, maize, cassava, millet, and flowers.
    • Fish from Lake Victoria is exported to Europe.
    • The currency is the Uganda shilling (UGX).

  • Transportation:
    • Uganda's transportation system is not well developed; the few paved roads outside of urban areas become impassable in heavy rains.
    • Wealthier people own cars.
    • Most forms of transportation are either bicycle riding or walking.
      • Many families own at least one bicycle.
    • Entebbe has an international airport.
      • Planes also fly to islands in Lake Victoria, remote areas, and small domestic airfields.


Timeline

  • 1962 - Uganda gains independence after nearly 70 years of British rule.
  • 1967- A new constitution came into effect which made Uganda a republic.
  • 1986- After years of civil war in which hundreds of thousands are either killed or are displaced; Yoweri Museveni's National Resistance Army takes power. Under his leadership, Uganda has achieved economic growth, a free press and judiciary, and peace in most of the country.
  • 1993 - President Museveni restored traditional kings, but with no political power.
  • 1995 - New constitution adopted but maintains ban on political activity
  • 1996 - Uganda held its first presidential election in sixteen years and President Yoweri Museveni won in excess of 78% of the vote, a testimony to his 10 year effort to restore peace and democracy since the 1986 end of the civil war.
  • 2001 - President Museveni wins another term, over rival Kizza Besigye by 69% to 28%.
  • 2002 - Army evacuates over 400,000 civilians who were caught up in fight against LRA, which attacked villages.
  • 2002- Peace deal signed with Uganda National Rescue Front rebels after more than five years of negotiations.
  • 2003 - Former Ugandan Dictator Idi Amin dies in Saudi Arabia.
  • 2005 - Uganda rejects accusations made by DR Congo at the International Court in The Hague. DR Congo says Uganda invaded its territory in 1999, killing citizens and looting.



Tourism
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    • Uganda the pearl of Africa, a country with fantastic natural scenery and a rich mosaic of tribes and cultures.
    • Travelling through Uganda, you will be captivated by its beauty, safety, accessibility and friendliness.
    • The natural beauty of its people and its landscape are outstanding.
    • It is one of the most appealing nations and Africa's friendliest country.
    • Ecologically, Uganda is where the East African savannah meets the West African jungle.
    • Where else but in this impossibly lush country can one observe lions prowling the open plains in the morning and track chimpanzees through the rainforest undergrowth the same afternoon, then the next day navigate tropical channels teeming with hippos and crocodiles before setting off into the misty mountains to stare deep into the eyes of a mountain gorilla?
      See a health-care provider at least 4–6 weeks before your trip to allow time for your vaccines to take effect.

    • Vaccine Recommendations:
      • Routine (measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) vaccine, poliovirus vaccine, etc.)
      • Hepatitis AHepatitis BTyphoidYellow FeverBe careful because of Malaria!
        • The best way to protect yourself from Malaria is to protect yourself from Mosquito bites.

      • There are only limited cases in Lake Vicky, but it's better to be safe than sorry.


Work Cited
Moore, Clement Henry. "Uganda". The World Book Encyclopedia. Volume 3. Chicago. World Book Inc. 2007.

http://www.visituganda.com/about-uganda/
http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country.php?contid=1&wmn=Africa&cid=166&cn=Uganda
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ug.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/country_profiles/1069166.stm
http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0108066.html