Zimbabwe wiki


Zimbabwe is a country about the size of Montana that is on the south western part of Africa. Zimbabwe is known for its game reserves and its African safaris
and their many national parks. Zimbabwe is a very historical country the remains of early people dating back too 500,000 years have been found in present day Zimbabwe. These are just a couple reasons i chose zimbabwe for my wiki.
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Zimbabwe flag meaning in history

The red stripes represent the blood shed for independence,
The yellow represents the country's mineral wealth,
The green symbolizes Zimbabwe's agriculture and the land,
The black stripe represents the African people and the white stands for peace,
The Great Zimbabwe bird is a national symbol and the red star behind the bird represents socialism.



Flag history


The flag was adopted on April 18, 1980.

The Zimbabwe flag involves the African colors of red, yellow and green, which were used by one of the nationalist groups fighting for Zimbabwe's independence.

It is believed the colors originated from the flag of Ethiopia, the oldest independent nation in Africa.


Intresting fact

A law in Zimbabwe states that any person who burns, mutilates or otherwise insults the flag or shows it disrespect, is guilty of an offence and a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding two years.




Country facts

Currency: The Zimbabwean dollar is the currency the use in zimbabwe.
252px-Zimbabwe_fourth_dollar_-_$500_Obverse_(2009).jpgEconomic overview: zimbabwe is facing severe socio-economic diffucultiesLand use: arable land 8.24%, permanent crops 0.33%, other 91.43% Labor force by occupation: agriculture 66%, industry 10%, services 24%Industries: mining (coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, clay, numerous metallic and nonmetallic ores), steel; wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, Clothing and footwear, foodstuffs, beverages. Independence: Independence from Britain: 1965, Independence from minority white rule: 1980Unemployment: 94%Illicit drugs: High point for cannabis and South Asian heroin, mandrax, and methamphetamines route to South Africa Imports: $2.03 billion
Exports: $1.09 billion
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Agriculture products: corn, cotton, tobacco, wheat, coffee, sugarcane, peanuts; sheep, goats, pigs
GDP per captia: $382.88 per capita
Population: 11,392,629
Government type: parliamentary democracy.
Leader: President Robert MUGABE
Natural hazards: recurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare.
Envorimental issues: deforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution; the black rhinoceros herd - once the largest concentration of the Species in the world - has been significantly reduced by poaching; poor mining practices have led to toxic waste and heavy metal pollution.
Location: Southern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia. Growth rate: 1.53%Infant morality rate: 32.31Life expectancy: male- 46.36 years/ female- 45.16 yearsEthnic groups: 98% african, 1% mixed asian, 1% whiteLanguages: English (official), Shona, Sindebele Literacy: 90.7% of people 15 and older can read and write in english.Religion: syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%Net immigration: (3.56 migrants/1,000 population)Net emigration: (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 populationCapital: Harareharare.jpg
Area: slightly larger than Montana
Climate: tropical; rainy season (November to March)
gpa77.jpgMap:large-map-of-zimbabwe.jpg


zimbabwe culture
Zimbabwe people stem from the family of bantu speaking people who first moved east and south across Africa about 2000 years ago.
Iron makeThey now form the Ndebele or Matebele, Zimbabwe's second largest community.
Other minority groups include white Zimbabweans, mainly British, and various Asian ethnic groups Indian and Chinese.rs and agriculturist settled on the highveld, middleveld and around the eastern highlands of Zimbabwe.
They then began making the shona culture which is so much of zimbabwe today.
The Zulu warriors of King Mzilikazi did not arrive until the first half of the nineteenth century.

Great Zimbabwe Ruins

Between the 11th century and 15th century, descendants of the Shona speaking people are believed to have built the ruins of Great Zimbabwe.
These ruins are some of the oldest and largest ruins located in southern africa.
The ruins span 1,800 acres and cover an area of 100 to 200 miles.
The Great Zimbabwe ruins are built entirely of Stone.
It was here that the famous Zimbabwe Birds were found.

Great%20Zimbabwe%20(10).jpg( The Great Zimbabwe ruins)

Western Zimbabwe
In western Zimbabwe live a small group of people called the Vadoma people, who are more commonly known as the “ostrich people” or the “two-toed tribe”.
The reason being the Vadoma people are born with ectrodactyly, a genetic defect in which the middle three toes are missing and the outer two toes are turned inward, giving the appearance of “ostrich feet”.
Since the Vadoma are forbidden to marry outside of the tribe, the defect is passed on from generation to generation.

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Timeline of events


1000 AD
Shona people began their rule and built a city called Zimbabwe

1400s
Karanga branch of the Shona established the Mwanamutapa Empire

1500's
Rowzi branch rebelled and formed the Changamire EmpireChristianity was introduced by the Portuguese explorers

1830s
Nguni people from the south defeated the empireEuropean slave traders establish coastal ports for the increasing traffic in slaves destined for the Americas

1888
Lobengula, the ruler, signed an agreement that granted mineral rights to the British South African Company

1893
The British South African Company occupied the region and called the territory Rhodesia

1897
Great Britain recognized southern and northern Rhodesia as separate territories

1923
Southern Rhodesia became a self-governing British Colony

1953
Great Britain set up the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, which included the territories of Southern and Northern Rhodesia

1963
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was dissolved

1964
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was dissolvedNorthern Rhodesia became ZambiaSouthern Rhodesia became known as Rhodesia

1965
11 November: Prime Minister, Ian Smith, declared Rhodesia independent. Great Britain declared this action illegal and banned trade with Rhodesia

1966
The United Nations imposed sanctions on Rhodesia

1969
A new constitution was introduced to prevent black Africans from ever gaining control of the government

1970
2 March: Rhodesia declares itself a republic1970-1974 Civil War between government troops and black guerrillas

1977
1977-1979 Prime Minister Smith began to make plans to establish a new government with a majority of black leaders

1979
April: Election resulted in a majority of black leadersApril: Abel T. Muzorewa became the first black Prime Minister31 May: Zimbabwe proclaimed independence1 June: The nation of Zimbabwe, formerly Rhodesia, was formed

1980
18 April: Great Britain recognized the country's independence and Rhodesia's name was officially changed to Zimbabwe

2000
February: In a referendum Zimbabwe voters rejected a new constitution which included provisions that called for redistribution of white-owned farmland to blacks


Tourist info

Vacinations


Vaccination or Disease
Recommendations or Requirements for Vaccine-Preventable Diseases
Routine
Recommended if you are not up-to-date with routine shots such as, measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) vaccine, poliovirus vaccine, etc.
Hepatitis A or immune globulin
Recommended for all unvaccinated people traveling to or working in countries with an intermediate or high level of hepatitis A virus infection (see map) where exposure might occur through food or water. Cases of travel-related hepatitis A can also occur in travelers to developing countries with "standard" tourist itineraries, accommodations, and food consumption behaviors.
Hepatitis B
Recommended for all unvaccinated persons traveling to or working in countries with intermediate to high levels of endemic HBV transmission (see map), especially those who might be exposed to blood or body fluids, have sexual contact with the local population, or be exposed through medical treatment (e.g., for an accident).
Typhoid
Recommended for all unvaccinated people traveling to or working in Southern Africa, especially if staying with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where exposure might occur through food or water.
Rabies
Recommended for travelers spending a lot of time outdoors, especially in rural areas, involved in activities such as bicycling, camping, or hiking. Also recommended for travelers with significant occupational risks (such as veterinarians), for long-term travelers and expatriates living in areas with a significant risk of exposure, and for travelers involved in any activities that might bring them into direct contact with bats, carnivores, and other mammals. Children are considered at higher risk because they tend to play with animals, may receive more severe bites, or may not report bites.


Entry and exit requirements

To enter Zimbabwe you will need a visa to enter the country and when you get to the border you will need to pay 30 dollars this is to enter and to exit.

Attractions

Zimbabwe is a land which is rich in diversity and many astouding attractions. if your are plaining to take a trip to zimbabwe make sure u plain to visit some of the most famous and oldest attractions in africa. When you visit Zimbabwe make sure u visit the world famous Victoria falls which is one of the seven natural wonders of the worldand the falls are named after Queen Victoria of England. Besides just looking at the falls you can be a part of it too you can go swimming in the devils pool on top of the falls and their is also many more things to do besides just looking at the falls you can bungee jumping, white water rafting, body boarding, High wire and get a birds eye view of the falls from above, a lion walk with just you and the lion in their natural habitat and many more. If you want to get indulged in the history of Zimbabwe just take visit to The Great Zimbabwe Ruins. Cheapest flight prices to Harare for 1 person is $1583 the flight is 23hrs to get their and to get back it is 27hrs.
Victoria-Falls.jpg5_1219939200_devils-poolx-that-is-the-edge-of-vic-falls.jpgdevils pool
victoria falls


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The lion walk in zimbabwe's victoria falls



Zimbabwean desserts

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Ingredients:


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Works cited


country facts
www.indexmundi.com


tourisim info


http://famouswonders.com/victoria-falls/


western zimbabwe


http://thehumanmarvels.com/?p=122


zimbabwe flag


http://www.worldflags101.com/z/zimbabwe-flag.aspx


zimbabwe ruins


http://www.afrizim.com/Places/Masvingo/Activities/Great-Zimbabwe.asp


zimbabwe culture


http://www.east-buc.k12.ia.us/99_00/AF/Zim/zim_cul.htm


map



https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/zi.html Vacinations http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/zimbabwe.aspx